What diseases often “visit” you in the fall?

The weather is falling, the sun is hot during the day, cold in the morning and at night, combined with decreasing humidity, the air is dry. Fall weather is considered the most pleasant of the year, but due to the large difference in temperature between day and night, this is also the season that is more susceptible to disease than other seasons.

Heart-related diseaes

During the transition to autumn, the number of cases of myocardial infarction increases, including the risk of stroke. People with heart problems have an increased risk of heart failure. That’s because when the weather changes suddenly, the body also has to change to adapt to the weather, which can overload the cardiovascular system. Even healthy people should be wary of high blood pressure, shortness of breath, and rapid heartbeat because temperature changes can easily cause severe spasms in blood vessels.

The most common fever during the change of season is viral fever, manifested in the form of rash, flu… with a temperature of 38.5oC or higher. People susceptible to the disease are the elderly and children due to weak resistance. Common and easily recognizable symptoms of viral fever are fever, continuous sneezing, runny eyes, red eyes, muscle and joint pain, headache… If the form is mild, the patient may Fever lasts 3-5 days, then goes away on its own. In more severe forms, the patient has a fever for 5-7 days and is susceptible to complications of acute upper respiratory tract infection, pneumonia…

Viral fever is transmitted quickly through the respiratory tract (coughing, sneezing) especially in group environments: schools, offices, and public places. To prevent viral fever, you need to maintain good personal hygiene and regularly clean your teeth with salt water or fluoride mouthwash. Due to erratic hot and cold weather and high air humidity, it is necessary to keep the body warm, especially the neck and chest area. Especially in the early morning and evening or when sleeping. Note that flu fever often causes colds from inside the body, so do not wear too thick clothes or cover yourself with many blankets. Tell the patient to drink lots of water and eat lots of fruit. Increase nutrition, provide the body with enough calories needed to increase resistance, and eat food while it is still warm. Exercise to improve health and prevent disease. Keep the inside and outside of the house clean, cool and well ventilated. When sick with fever, you still need to wash, bathe, clean your nose, throat, and body every day.

Colds are a common disease in winter but are also easy to catch in the fall when going outside in the rain, sleeping with a fan blowing directly on the head and body, or when the weather changes. Signs of a cold are headache, fever, chills, pain all over the body, sore throat, cough…

Respiratory disease group

Acute and chronic upper respiratory tract infections (pharyngitis, adenoiditis, tonsillitis): When acute respiratory infections cause high fever with coughing, sneezing, runny nose, stuffy nose, change in voice, red throat mucosa ( Children vomit a lot and cry). If not treated promptly, it will progress to bronchitis, pneumonia and become chronic.

Lower respiratory tract infection:

Bronchitis is a very sensitive disease, difficult to adapt to erratic changes in climate, children are more susceptible. The disease causes difficulty breathing, wheezing, coughing a lot at night and in the morning, phlegm, etc. You should see a doctor soon to get appropriate medication because the disease is difficult to cure completely and can easily recur.

Inflammation of the larynx, trachea, bronchioles, and lungs is less common, but when it occurs, it is often severe. This season, 3 types of influenza viruses A, B, C cause acute respiratory infections, in which influenza A easily causes epidemics, complications can cause acute sinusitis, otitis media.

Pneumonia, laryngitis and tracheal obstruction cause frequent and severe coughing at night, wheezing, even chills, fever, headache, nausea and vomiting… These symptoms manifest The illness is severe and requires immediate medical attention. You should not self-treat at home, especially for young children.

Joint and bone pain

Joint pain is a typical disease in the fall. It does not only happen to the elderly, nowadays, women after the age of 35 can suffer from joint disease. To limit bone and joint pain in the fall, elderly people should pay attention to eating nutritious food and strengthening the body’s resistance. Keep your body warm when the weather is unusually cold. Adjust exercise level to suit each person’s physical condition.


With the change of seasons and dry weather, many allergens appear in the environment such as pollen, cotton dust, animal hair, smoke… which are the causes of allergic diseases such as atopic dermatitis, urticaria, and inflammation. conjunctiva, bronchial asthma… To prevent disease, it is necessary to avoid contact with allergens. Maintain body hygiene (especially the nose and throat) and a clean living environment, with a comfortable spirit to limit disease.

Digestive problems

In the fall, the body’s resistance decreases, making it difficult to resist the effects of pathogenic bacteria. Therefore, the digestive system is more severely affected, and the risk of duodenal ulcers increases. Diseases such as flatulence, slow digestion, and irritable bowel syndrome also always cause discomfort for people.

To reduce the risk of digestive diseases, you should have a scientific diet: be on time, don’t skip meals, and don’t smoke. You should eliminate French fries and meatballs, fish cakes as well as smoked foods, foods that are too spicy, too fatty, strong tea and coffee, chocolate and absolutely abstain from alcohol. You should eat lean meats and fish to provide protein for the body.

According to Suckhoedoisong